Latest News

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis and Lab Testing

    Ankylosing spondylitis is an arthritis type that targets the spine. The derivation of the term is from two Greek words that mean “bent spine” and “inflammation.” In other words, ankylosing spondylitis is generally a chronic condition that brings about pain inflammation of the joints within the spine’s vertebrae, and between the pelvis and spine. In

  • Blood in Urine (Hematuria) and Lab Testing

    Hematuria is a medical term used for describing the presence of blood in the urine. It is not normal, but it’s not as uncommon as some might think. An individual who experiences blood in the urine might be worried, but it isn’t always a cause for alarm. It’s a symptom of something and not a disease.

  • Bleeding Disorders and Lab Testing

    If you didn’t already know, bleeding disorders are classified as someone having the tendency to bruise easily or even bleed excessively for a long period of time. However, these usually come from genetics and can be inherited. These disorders can also be caused by various factors that come about during the lifetime of a person.  

  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Lab Testing

    Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, or as popularly referred to as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, is a non-cancerous and progressive enlargement of the prostate. Typically, the prostate is just a small gland about walnut-sized, and it encircles the male’s urethra as well as nourishes sperm using a fluid it produces. Other seminal vesicles fluid and this fluid are

  • All About Asthma and Lab Testing

    Asthma is a chronic condition that affects the lungs. The bronchi in the lungs constrict due to this condition. Bronchi are the tubes that carry air to the lungs. Air is transported from/to smaller branches of airways known as bronchioles in the bronchi. The walls of the bronchi become inflamed and swell when one has

  • Adrenal Insufficiency, Addison Disease, And Laboratory Tests

    Addison disease and Adrenal insufficiency are hormonal or endocrine disorders arising from the body’s inability to produce enough aldosterone and adrenal hormones. These conditions typically occur when there is a system malfunction, making it impossible for the body to maintain a close and timely adrenal balance.   To maintain hormonal balance, the body uses a signaling

  • Alzheimer’s Disease Tests

    Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a progressive form of (irreversible) dementia characterized by deteriorating language, speech skills, memory loss, a decline in intellectual ability over time, and behavioral/personality changes that affect a person’s usual way of life. The condition mainly affects older adults, with approximately 5.5 million Americans (aged above 65) and 200,000 younger persons having

  • All About Graves’ Disease and Lab Testing

    Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that leads to an overactive thyroid – known as hyperthyroidism. The thyroid lies near the windpipe at the base of the throat and is a butterfly-shaped gland. It produces important hormones such as triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which plays an important role in the metabolic process.   A feedback

  • All About Cirrhosis and Lab Testing

     Cirrhosis occurs when healthy liver tissue gets damaged over a long period of time. Chronic liver disease leads to scarring of liver tissue, which affects the structure and functionality of the liver. Cirrhosis is linked to over 32,000 annual deaths in the United States alone.   A wide variety of chronic liver conditions could be responsible for

  • Gallbladder And Gallstones Disease And Lab Testing

    The gallbladder is a pear-shaped, small organ in your abdomen under the liver. In between meals, the gallbladder gathers bile and stores it. This digestive fluid is made inside the liver. It contains bile salts as well as other substances to help with digesting fat from food. During meals, the gallbladder contracts and then bile

  • Food and Waterborne Illnesses and Laboratory Testing

     Food and waterborne illnesses known as food poisoning are conditions brought about by drinking or eating water or food that’s contaminated by the toxins of microbes they produce. In most cases, the cause of gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and nausea. There are lots of non-infectious causes of illnesses instigated by contaminated water

  • Fibromyalgia & Laboratory Tests

    Fibromyalgia is a condition that’s associated with widespread, chronic debilitating pain. People with the condition have sore necks, backs, and shoulders, as well as aching muscles. They usually sleep poorly and are stiff when they wake up or move after sitting for prolonged periods. The location and intensity of the pain, as well as the intensity

  • Heart Disease and Lab Testing

    The heart, a muscular organ that is in the region of the chest in between the lungs, is about the size of an adult fist. The job of the heart is to pump blood, and it can beat as much as 100,000 times per day. The blood carries nutritious oxygen and nutrients through the body, and it

  • Heart Attack and Acute Coronary Syndrome and Laboratory Tests

     Also referred to as an acute myocardial infarct, a heart attack occurs when an artery blockage prevents blood from flowing to a portion of a person’s heart. If someone isn’t treated swiftly, heart tissue can be damaged or even destroyed. A heart attack can be fatal. The American Heart Association states that each year, approximately

  • Hemochromatosis and Laboratory Testing

    Hemochromatosis is a blood disorder that causes the body to accumulate more iron than it needs. This is an iron metabolism disorder that may be acquired or inherited. Because the human body does not have the ability to excrete excess iron, a progressive build-up of iron occurs in the tissues and organs. Eventually, this causes

  • HIV Infection, AIDS and Lab Testing

    The virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is known as HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). Progressively, HIV Infection impairs the body’s ability to combat infections and specific cancers. Typically, it weakens the body’s immune system by targeting lymphocytes, which is a white blood cell type that usually assists the body in fighting infections. Certain lymphocytes

  • Hypertension – Causes and Lab Testing

    Many people suffer from hypertension, a condition characterized by a continuous rise in blood pressure that places undue strain on the heart. Also called high blood pressure, this condition can lead to more serious heart complications over time and cause damage to other organs, including the eyes, brain, and kidneys. In the US, 46% of adults have hypertension.  

  • Information About Angina and Lab Testing

     Angina is the term used for a type of chest pain, which is mainly caused by a lack of supply of oxygen and blood flow to the individual’s heart. Over 7 million residents in the U.S. are believed to have this condition. It is typically linked with arteries that have started to narrow, which is

  • Information About the Endocrine System, Syndromes and Lab Testing

     The endocrine system is a network that is made up of different glands throughout the human body. The endocrine system and the nervous system work together to regulate and control many of the internal functions of the body. The nervous system makes use of nerve impulses as its means for control; the endocrine system utilizes

  • Information About Thyroid Biomarkers

    Today we’re going to cover the thyroid biomarkers. This will include the thyroid-stimulating hormone, also known as TSH. We’re also going to look at T3 and T4, both free and total in each case. We’ll also cover reverse T3 and investigate a new ratio, being the free/reverse T3 ratio. Also, we’re going to look at a few older

  • Information on Sarcoidosis and Testing

    Sarcoidosis is a medical condition caused by immune system cells clumping together to form lumps called granulomas. Granulomas can develop in any part of the body, but the most common (and serious) sites where they form are in the lungs, eyes, lymph nodes, and skin. Granulomas often disappear on their own within two to three

  • Information on Travelers’ Diseases and Tests for Them

    The term “travelers’ diseases” is an inclusive category for any sort of infection or illness that one might acquire while traveling, particularly when going from a well-developed region into a less-developed one. There are specific health risks associated with any given travel destination. Whenever you plan a trip to a different country or region, take

  • Jaundice and Lab Testing

    Jaundice, also called icterus, is a condition where the skin, the whites of the eyes, and even body fluids turn significantly yellow following an increase in the levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance that forms from the normal breakdown of red blood cells (or RBCs). Red blood cells normally live

  • Lab Testing and Pneumonia

     Pneumonia is a type of infection that occurs in the lower respiratory tract. It is caused by fungi, viruses, and bacteria. This infection may cause symptoms that range from moderate all the way up to life-threatening. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (or CDC) reports that over one million adults and children in the

  • Lab Testing and Hemoglobin Abnormalities

    Hemoglobin abnormalities are variant forms of hemoglobin that are frequently inherited and can cause hemoglobinopathy (a blood disorder).  Hemoglobin is a protein compound that contains iron and is found inside red blood cells. It transports oxygen throughout the entire body. It is comprised of globin chains, which are the proteins and heme, which is the

  • Lab Testing and Breast Cancer

     Breast cancer are a type of malignant tumor that is the result of uncontrolled cell growth within the breast. They mainly occur in the ducts which transport milk over to the nipple during lactation (breastfeeding) and occur in the lobules, which are the milk-producing glands.   Each type of cancer has its own characteristics. Some are aggressive, while

  • Lab Testing for Babesiosis

    Babesiosis is an infection of the blood which is caused by a parasite known as Babesia. It is found in the United States in people who have been bitten by an infected black-legged tick, or ‘deer tick,’ as they are also known. The ticks that are most likely to spread it are very small, young

  • Lab Testing for Cardiovascular Disease

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an umbrella term that includes a series of disorders that affect either the heart or the blood vessels.  Cardiovascular disease is usually the reflection of chronic conditions that evolve over long periods of time. Nevertheless, cardiovascular disease may also trigger acute conditions such as strokes and heart attacks. These conditions occur

  • Lab Testing for Congestive Heart Failure

     Congestive Heart Failure is also known as CHF or heart failure. Whatever you call it, this condition is one where the human heart is unable to pump blood with the efficiency that it once did. This means that blood, as well as other various fluids, start backing up inside the body. The effect is particularly

  • Lab Testing for Cushing Syndrome

     The signs and symptoms of Cushing Syndrome are the results of cortisol levels that are abnormally high, which is referred to as hypercortisolism. Cortisol is a steroidal hormone that is produced by the cortex, which is the outer layer of the adrenal gland. The hormone has multiple functions, including:  The break-down of fat.  Encourages glucose

  • Lab Testing for Gout

    Gouty arthritis is more commonly just called gout. This condition is a result of the deposition of uric acid, or monosodium urate, crystals kind of like needles. These crystals build up in tissues and joint fluid, resulting in serious pain, swelling, and inflammation. The most impacted joint is typically the big toe of either foot, but gout

  • Lab Testing for Infertility

     Infertility refers to being unable to get pregnant. The average diagnosis comes after a period of assessment (1 year or more) with the couple trying to get pregnant. In some cases, a woman may get pregnant but won’t be able to carry the fetus to term (miscarriage), and this is also noted under the same

  • Lab Testing for Pancreatic Cancer

    Pancreatic Cancer refers to the development of abnormal cells within the pancreas. As the cancerous or abnormal cells continue to develop, they turn into malignant tumors and damage the pancreas leading to a long list of symptoms. These tumors also cause the pancreas to cease working as it should in a healthy human being before

  • Lab Testing for Thyroid Cancer

     When the cells of the thyroid gland begin to multiply at an unregulated rate, the condition is called thyroid cancer. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly and sits below the voice box. As an important component of the endocrine system, the thyroid plays an important role in releasing the hormones that control metabolism.  

  • Lab Testing for Malnutrition

     Malnutrition just means ‘bad nutrition.’ This is a condition where a disparity exists between how much food and nutrients a body needs for optimal functions and growth and the actual amount it takes in or absorbs.  This imbalance usually happens with undernutrition, and so that’s the primary emphasis of this content. However, it can be the result

  • Lab Testing for Lupus

    Lupus refers to a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder.  This means it impacts the immune system by causing an excessive immune response against the body’s own tissues. In general, the immune system is designed to protect the body from external toxins and/or infections, but lupus causes the system to turn on its own body.  This causes

  • Lab Testing Helps in Diagnosing Prediabetes

     When you have glucose levels that are above normal, but not as high as to be diagnosed as a diabetic, you are probably suffering from prediabetes, also called impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. Data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently have indicated that in the U.S. alone, during the year 2012,

  • Understanding the Risk of Heart Attack and Heart Disease

    The American Heart Association has released new cholesterol guidelines in unison with the American College of Cardiology. The premise behind these new guidelines is to understand and analyze the personal risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) along with relevant treatment options. These guidelines are now set as the standard by more than ten well-established medical organizations.

  • Lab Testing Related to Pre-Eclampsia

     Pre-eclampsia is among the more severe conditions that can impact women who are pregnant. This condition is diagnosed when a pregnant woman displays three different factors. The first is hypertension or high blood pressure. The second is proteinuria or protein in the urine output, and the third is swelling of her feet, hand, and/or face.

  • Lab Tests for Vasculitis

    Vasculitis is a term that is used to describe a group of conditions characterized by inflamed blood vessels. If there is not a clear, obvious cause for the condition, then it is typically referred to as primary vasculitis. When there is a cause, it is called secondary vasculitis. There are a lot of things that

  • Leukemia and Laboratory Testing

    Leukemia is a form of cancer that affects the blood or blood making tissues. Bone marrow is found in the spongy regions of the bones, usually pelvis bones, sternum, vertebrae, and ribs. It is tasked with making early blood-forming cells, white blood cells, platelets, and the precursors of red blood cells. These precursors grow until

  • Myasthenia Gravis and Lab Testing

    Myasthenia gravis (or MG) is a chronic autoimmune disease that negatively impacts skeletal muscle strength by obstructing the communication between muscles and nerves. Typically, MG is first noticed when it brings about weakness in eye muscles and certain symptoms such as double vision and/or drooping eyelid. “Ocular MG” is the collective term for this condition.

  • Norovirus Symptoms and Testing

     As the name suggests, norovirus is a virus.  It causes an infection in the digestive tract.  This infection will often irritate the stomach and intestines, gastroenteritis, and is often incorrectly thought to be a stomach bug or the stomach flu. There are many common symptoms of the norovirus, including diarrhea, nausea, sudden stomach pain, and

  • Pancreatic Insufficiency and Laboratory Testing

     Known as EPI (or Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency), pancreatic insufficiency is the inability of the pancreas to produce and/or transport sufficient amounts of the digestive enzymes required to break down food particles in the intestine.  The pancreas gland is a flat, narrow organ measuring about 6 inches long located deep in the abdominal cavity, below the

  • Pregnancy and Lab Testing

    During pregnancy, a fetus develops inside a woman’s uterus and is eventually born as an infant after a period of approximately 9 months. There are a number of clinical lab tests that can be used before, during and after pregnancies. These tests give out useful information from the conception phase to the initial days of the newborn’s

  • Reactive Arthritis and Lab Testing

    Reactive arthritis is generally an autoimmune condition. It gets its name for the fact that it usually occurs as a reaction to an infection somewhere in the body. Apart from being uncommon, it’s a painful type of inflammatory arthritis that targets the lower back, fingers, toes, heels, and joints, such as ankles or in the heels. Additionally, it

  • Stroke and Lab Testing: What You Need to Know

     Stroke is a condition caused by the sudden blockage or diminished blood supply to a part of the brain.  This changes/affects body functions controlled by the part of the brain, hence reduced response or no response to stimulation at all. Stroke mainly happens when/if these brain cells do not get oxygen and nutrients made available

  • Symptoms and Testing of Peptic Ulcer’s

    A peptic ulcer is a sore that develops in the lining of the stomach, esophagus or upper section of the intestine.  The stomach is a muscular and strong organ that crushes and grinds food.  This is combined with digestive juices such as bile acids, hydrochloric acid, and enzymes such as pepsin.  The lining of the

  • Symptoms and Testing of Thyroid Nodules

    The thyroid is located at the base of the neck. It is a small, butterfly-shaped gland that produces thyroid hormones such as thyroxine or T4 and triiodothyronine or T3.  These hormones are required for the regulation of the metabolism as they tell your cells how fast to use energy and produce protein.  This gland is also

  • Vaginosis and Vaginitis (Yeast Infection) Lab Testing: What You Should Know

     Vaginosis (yeast infection) is a bacterial infection/inflammation commonly caused by the overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. Vaginitis can also be defined as the inflammation of the vagina caused by several factors, including an irritant, allergy, and a decrease in estrogen levels. Vaginitis is very popular with women in the childbearing age. This bacterial infection

  • All About Lactose Intolerance and Lab Testing

    Lactose is a type of sugar found in mammal milk. Lactose intolerance is a condition where the ability of the body to digest lactose is reduced. Lactose is present in breast milk, yogurt, cheese, butter, and ice cream. Individuals who are lactose intolerant might develop certain abdominal symptoms within 30 minutes to 2 hours of

  • Lab Tests for Cervical Cancer Detection

    When cells grow in an uncontrolled and potentially harmful manner in the cervix, cervical cancer is the result. The cervix is the cone-shaped passage that connects the vagina to the lower portion of the uterus.  A persistent viral infection causes most cases of cervical cancer. The viruses responsible are strains of human papillomavirus or HPV.

  • Understanding Tuberculosis (TB)

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that is caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and is a highly infectious disease. The bacteria primarily target the lungs but can affect other areas of the body, such as the central nervous system, urinary tract, bones, joints, and other bodily organs. A blood test called the Interferon Gamma Release Assay

  • Understanding Osteoarthritis Plus Laboratory Testing For A Healthier Life

    One of the most common forms of arthritis is known as osteoarthritis, which affects over 30 million people in the United States alone. Also known as degenerative joint disease, it tends to affect people older in age or those with joint injuries. In most cases, it is the joints that are severely affected by osteoarthritis,

  • TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) Lab Testing

    TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) Test: TSH (Thyroid-stimulating Hormone) Why have this test? This Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone is used to check for and diagnose disorders of the thyroid. It is also used to monitor the ongoing treatment of both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. When Should You be Tested? Screening is commonly recommended for newborns. There is no medical consensus

  • The Parathyroid Glands and Laboratory Tests

    The average person has four parathyroid glands. These glands are button-sized and are situated at the base of the throat near the thyroid gland. Parathyroid glands produce a hormone called parathyroid (PTH) that is responsible for regulating the quantity of calcium in the blood. Calcium is a mineral that is essential in the formation of

  • Testing for Pituitary Disorders

    The pituitary gland is responsible for regulating hormonal production in the human body. When the gland begins to secrete too much or too little, it often leads to a set of symptoms associated with pituitary disorders. In some cases, the condition involves the presence of a pituitary tumor, which presses against nearby tissues. The endocrine

  • Testing For Heavy Metals

    A heavy metals panel is used to detect and measure the level of different types of heavy metal in the body. Tests like these are usually conducted using urine or blood. However, the lab may use hair, fluid, or body tissue, as well, depending on the purpose of the test. Most labs have a variety

  • Testicular Cancer and Laboratory Tests

    Testicular cancer is a rare form of cancer (the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells) that occurs in the testicles. Typically, males have two testicles, which are part of the reproductive system. Also referred to as gonads, these egg-shaped glands are held in a sac known as scrotum just below the penis. They have a slightly

  • STDs And HIV Frequently Asked Questions

    Are STDs associated with HIV? You are more likely to contract HIV or transmit the disease to other sexual partners if you have an STD. People in the U.S. who have syphilis, herpes, or gonorrhea often also have HIV or are at a higher risk of getting HIV. Why does having STDs put you at

  • Sickle Cell Anemia and Laboratory Tests

    Sickle cell anemia, also commonly known as sickle cell disease (SCD), is a genetic health condition that is characterized by the production of hemoglobin S (Hgb S or HB S), an irregular type of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the iron-rich protein found in red blood cells that is responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to

  • Osteoporosis and Laboratory Testing

    What is Osteoporosis? Bone is living tissue in the body that continually breaks down and is then restored. During the restoration process, the bone may lack some of the essential minerals that are critical to strengthening bones and increasing the density of the tissue. This lack of minerals can happen due to changes in diet

  • Metabolic Syndrome and Laboratory Testing

    Metabolic syndrome can be defined as several risk factors that increase the chances that someone will eventually develop a serious condition, like type 2 diabetes, a stroke, or cardiovascular disease (CVD). It should be noted that this is something that is widely accepted in many cases. Still, it is not seen as a definitive diagnosis

  • Low Platelets And Laboratory Tests

    Platelets are also known as thrombocytes. They are found in the bone marrow. They are small fragments or large cells known as megakaryocytes. Platelets are usually released into the blood for circulation and are used in the clotting process. How Do Platelets Work? If there is an injury to a blood vessel or a tissue,

  • Sjogren Syndrome and Laboratory Tests

    Many people haven’t heard of Sjogren Syndrome, but it is a very serious disorder. Autoimmune in nature, this syndrome is one in which the body’s otherwise healthy immune system reacts to tissue in the body that is meant to produce moisture. This includes salivation in the mouth or crying from tear ducts. This is an

  • Liver Disease And Related Laboratory Tests

    On the right side of the body, located on the upper side of the abdomen, is the liver. Approximately the size of a football, the liver weighs about 2 to 3 pounds and works to do a variety of functions in the body, including the following: Metabolize and detox harmful substances in the body Convert

  • About Laboratory Testing for Proteinuria

    Proteinuria is a medical condition generally described as protein amounts in a person’s urine at higher levels than normal. It’s a condition sometimes witnessed in healthy people, but it’s more often related to abnormalities or various diseases. Plasma, which is the liquid component of blood, has a variety of different proteins. The human kidneys serve

  • Lead Poisoning Dangers And Lab Testing Methods

    A preventable condition caused by environmental exposure, lead poisoning can produce lasting health implications, particularly in kids. When lead is present at exceptionally high levels, death can occur. Elevated levels of lead in the blood is how lead poisoning is detected. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that over 500,000 kids in

  • Laboratory Tests for Diagnosing Pancreatitis and Monitoring the Condition

    Pancreatitis involves the inflammation of the pancreas. Chronic pancreatitis is a long-term condition, while acute pancreatitis occurs for a short duration. The pancreas is located below the liver and behind the stomach. It has a narrow, flat shape, and is around 6 inches long. The gland is split into three sections: the head, the tail,

  • Laboratory Tests and Thyroid Diseases

    Guide to the Thyroid and Thyroid Diseases Your thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland on the base of your throat. The thyroid plays an essential role in helping to control the metabolism of your body by producing thyroid hormones, mainly triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). They are substances that travel through your blood to all

  • Laboratory Tests And Menopause

    Menopause is the stage in a woman’s life when her regular menstrual periods have ceased for 12 months, at least, and she cannot become pregnant any longer. This is a natural part of a woman’s aging process. Menopause can take place at any time after 35 years old, but typically it takes place when a

  • Lyme Disease and Related Laboratory Tests

    Lyme disease is a type of infection that is caused by the bacteria Borrelia mayonii and Borrelia burgdorferi. This infection is primarily spread to humans via infected deer tick bites. They are also referred to as black-legged ticks. A person who is bitten by an infected tick might end up with an inflammatory condition. The

  • Laboratory Tests For Dehydration

    Dehydration refers to the process of excessive water loss from body tissues, which is frequently accompanied by imbalances of chloride, potassium, sodium, and other types of electrolytes. This can happen anytime fluids are lost and not replaced adequately, especially when a person doesn’t drink enough fluids. There are no symptoms of early dehydration; moderate or

  • Laboratory Tests And Anemia

    Anemia is a type of condition that arises whenever the hemoglobin amount within an individual’s blood dips below normal. Often, a reduction in hemoglobin is associated with a reduction in the number of hematocrit and red blood cells (or RBCs). Hemoglobin is contained inside of red blood cells, and it is necessary for transporting and

  • Laboratory Tests and Alcoholism

    Alcoholism: What Is It? There is a wide range of problems associated with alcohol use – from problem drinking on an occasional basis to misuse of alcohol, and ultimately to alcoholism. Alcohol dependence, which is also called alcoholism, is often progressive and fatal. It is a primary, chronic disease that is influenced by genetic, environmental,

  • Laboratory Testing and Rheumatoid Arthritis

    A chronic autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or RA causes joint deterioration, along with stiffness and pain, inflammation, and loss of mobility. There are other symptoms associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis, including fever, fatigue, malaise, and the development of nodules under the skin. Additionally, those with RA can develop anemia, systemic complications. There may also be co-existing

  • Laboratory Testing And Diagnosis For Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    Extreme fatigue that is ongoing and cannot be explained by a medical condition or has no other scientifically proven cause is called Chronic Fatigue Syndrome or CFS. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome can be detrimental to a person’s ability to perform and complete even the most basic daily or routine tasks and activities. Even though a person

  • Lab Tests and Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian cancer is a condition that is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of the cells of the ovaries. The ovaries are the reproductive glands that women have on each side of their uterus, located within the lower abdomen. The ovaries serve a couple of functions. They produce progesterone and estrogen, which are the hormones that

  • Low Testosterone in Adult Men and Related Lab Tests

    When a male’s body does not produce enough testosterone, the condition is diagnosed as low testosterone, or “low T.” Testosterone is the primary androgen, or sex hormone, for men, and is produced mainly by the testicles. Testosterone maintains male physical characteristics, such as muscle mass and facial hair. It’s also responsible for sex drive, bone

  • Kidney Disease and Related Laboratory Tests

    Improperly functioning kidneys can lead to what is known as kidney disease. Kidney Disease does not fall into one particular description. Instead, there are a variety of conditions that can cause kidney disease and even the loss of kidney function. Various symptoms and signs of kidney disease depend on how the kidneys are affected. They

  • Insulin Resistance And Common Testing Procedures

    Insulin is an essential hormone that is produced in the pancreas by beta cells. The body releases insulin in small amounts every time a meal is eaten so that glucose can be spread throughout the body. Glucose is essential to produce energy and is required by cells for survival. Bodies can demonstrate insulin resistance, which

  • About Allergies And Lab Testing

    When the immune system overreacts due to certain substances that typically do not cause any reaction in most people, it is known as allergy. It is a type of hypersensitivity, and allergens is the name given to the substances that trigger these overreactions. As per the data released by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma,

  • HIV AIDS Fact Sheet

    HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus.  It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) if not treated.  Unlike some other viruses, the human body can’t get rid of HIV completely, even with treatment.  So, once you get HIV, you have it for life. HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the

  • Guide On Vitamin D Testing

    Vitamin D Testing comes in two forms when found in the bloodstream: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Specialists concentrate on 25-hydroxyvitamin D when testing a person’s vitamin D levels because of it’s higher concentration and longer half-life. It is responsible for the development of healthy teeth and bones. The human body can be exposed to vitamin

  • Fact Sheet for Chlamydia

    Chlamydia is a common STD (or sexually transmitted disease), and both men and women can get infected. If left untreated, it is capable of causing serious and permanent damage to the reproductive system of a woman and possible affect her ability to conceive. In simple terms, untreated chlamydia can make it extremely difficult or almost

  • About STDs

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infections that are passed from one person to another by sexual contact. Sexual contact includes vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, oral-genital contact, skin-to-skin contact in the genital area, kissing, and the use of sex aids such as vibrators. These diseases usually affect the genital area, including the penis or vagina. Examples

  • About Wilson’s Disease and Laboratory Testing

    Wilson’s disease is caused by abnormal copper metabolism. It leads to excessive storage of copper in the body, especially in the brain and liver area. It is an inherited genetic disorder. Copper is an essential mineral required by the body, and the primary source of copper is diet. Enzymes in the body use it for

  • About Malabsorption

    Malabsorption is a disorder in which sufferers struggle to digest foods or absorb their nutrients. This condition occurs in many different diseases. It can cause sufferers to become generally malnourished or deficient in essential nutrients. For the body to function, it needs nutrients that allow it to maintain and repair itself. Nutrients are also used

  • Antibody Tests For The Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)

    Typically, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes mild to moderate illnesses. Epstein-Barr virus blood tests detect antibodies for EBV within the blood and help to establish an EBV infection diagnosis. The Epstein-Barr virus is a very common infection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that most individuals in the United States at some

  • CDC Fact Sheet On Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection that affects women and can be caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that are left untreated. 1 in 8 women who have a history of experiencing PID have difficulties with getting pregnant. If you know how to properly protect yourself, then you can prevent PID. What is

  • Celiac Disease And The Tests That Detect It

    Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that disrupts the body’s ability to digest gluten. Gluten is a dietary protein in wheat products; the disease also affects some related proteins found in barley and rye. Celiac causes the small intestine to become inflamed when exposed to gluten; the inflammation can damage or destroy the lining of

  • Diarrhea and Laboratory Tests

    Diarrhea is indicative of a gastrointestinal ailment. It entails passing loose stool frequently that may be accompanied by cramping, stomach pain (especially in the abdomen), vomiting, nausea, and fatigue. In some cases, the stool may also contain mucus and or blood. Acute Diarrhea lasts between one and a few days. Most adults tend to experience

  • Essential Facts About Gonorrhea

    Any sexually active individual runs the risk of contracting gonorrhea. Gonorrhea can cause serious health consequences if it is not treated correctly; it can be cured with the right medication. Understanding Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that can affect both men and women at any age. It can cause serious infections in the

  • Hepatitis and Laboratory Testing

    Hepatitis refers to the condition where the liver becomes inflamed. In most cases, the disease is caused when the liver gets infected by certain viruses. However, it can also be as a result of exposure to chemicals, prescription or over-the-counter drugs, inherited diseases, heavy alcohol use, fatty buildup in the liver, or autoimmune disease.   The

  • About HIV

    HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) if not treated. Unlike some other viruses, the human body can’t get rid of human immunodeficiency virus completely, even with treatment. So, once you get human immunodeficiency virus, you have it for life. HIV attacks the body’s

  • A Fact Sheet About Trichomoniasis

    Most of those with trichomoniasis don’t show any symptoms. What Specifically Is Trichomoniasis Anyway? Trichomoniasis is also known just as ‘trich’, but whatever you refer to it as, it’s a sexually transmitted disease. It’s also a very frequently diagnosed STD. The source of it is an infection that has a protozoan parasite known as trichomonas

  • What Everyone Needs To Know About Syphilis

    Syphilis is an STD (a sexually transmitted disease) that has the potential to cause severe health problems if it isn’t treated.  Syphilis Defined Syphilis is an infectious disease with potentially serious consequences if it remains untreated. Syphilis spreads through sexual contact. The disease is divided into stages: primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary. Different stages of

  • Important Information Regarding Genital HPV Infection

    The most common sexually transmitted infections among Americans is known as human papilloma virus (HPV). It is important to note that some health issues associated with HPV are preventable by vaccine. Basic Information About HPV HPV holds the title as the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the U.S. There are many different types

  • Fact Sheet On Genital Herpes

    Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD). A majority of people who have this virus do not have any symptoms. However, even when there are no signs of this disease, herpes may still be spread to the sex partners of the infected person. What is genital herpes? It is a type of sexually